History repeats

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With its bagged schist walls and gabled forms, this new house is reminiscent of historic gold-miners' huts and old stone farm buildings
A n exposed aggregate patio, complete with river interior design, living room, patio, real estate, black
A n exposed aggregate patio, complete with river pebbles and hardwood strips, enhances the strong connection with the outdoors.

No matter where you live, a glimpse into the past can tell you a lot about suitable architecture and building materials. Long before globalisation influenced residential design, homeowners made use of local materials, building houses well suited to the climate and topography.

For the early settlers and gold-miners in the Central Otago lakes district, it was the local schist stone that provided solid, well-insulated shelters. Their original huts and farm buildings also featured chalet-style roofs to deflect winter snow falls.

It's a vernacular that helped determine the design of architect Ken Warburton's own country house near Wanaka. Strict local body regulations required the house to have a pitched roof, and also specified materials that would be natural and non-reflective. But Warburton says he didn't want a heavy, dark schist house, which would look too much like many other new homes in the district.

"The solution was to use a mix of cedar boards and a bagged schist, which is similar to the early miners' huts these were covered in clay to seal the gaps between the stone. For this house, we bagged the schist with a white cement to achieve a similar effect. This treatment transformed the look of the house, introducing a highly textural element, and adding a light, warm look to the exterior."

The house has other historic references. Designed as a series of linked, gabled pavilions, the architecture is reminiscent of a collection of farm buildings that could have evolved over time.

"It's a little like a country estate, which would typically include a woolshed, and a series of barns and outbuildings," says Warburton. "And like these traditional buildings, each of these forms has its own distinct identity."


The formal living and dining areas can be countertop, interior design, kitchen, real estate, brown
The formal living and dining areas can be fully closed of from the rest of the house in winter, saving on heating costs

Because the site is exposed to strong northeasterly winds, the main living, kitchen and master suite pavilions wrap around a sheltered, west-facing courtyard. The largest pavilion accommodates the entrance and main living area, which includes a soaring, double-height space, and a more enclosed dining area.

"Each of the gabled forms has a spacious, open interior, with a fully glazed wall maximising the sun and view," says Warburton. "But there are also low ceilings and flat-roof areas in between, where the spaces are deliberately closed in to provide a more cosy, intimate feel. These include the circulation areas, library and dining room. The contrast between the high and the low ceilings heightens the visual drama."

To provide a strong connection to the immediate landscape, most rooms open to the outdoors. The architect has also brought the exterior materials through to the interior one bagged schist wall forms a massive fireplace surround.

"I like to emphasise the importance of a fireplace," Warburton says. "Here, the fireplace becomes a strong element within the overall design of the house. Its long, cantilevered hearth, which appears to float above the floor, helps to lighten the mass of the stone, and reinforces the long front-to-rear axis."

Tiled circulation areas bordering the main living spaces play a similar role, and provide further visual continuity.

Wide openings a characteristic feature of Warburton's designs allow an easy flow through all the public spaces, and ensure there are continuous sight lines throughout the house. But the architecture also acknowledges the climate extremes of the location.

Open to the elements - architect Ken Warburton's architecture, building, cottage, elevation, estate, facade, farmhouse, home, house, lighting, property, real estate, residential area, roof, sky, villa, window, blue, black
Open to the elements - architect Ken Warburton's own housein central Otago has a close connection to the connection. Designed as a series of linked pavillions, the house features local schist, which has been bagged to re-create the look of the old farm buildings and gold-miners' huts in the district.

"The house is designed so that we can close off the formal dining, living room and guest wing in winter, when only my wife and I are here," says Warburton. "This allows substantial energy savings.

"Conversely, in summer, the house can be fully opened up to the outdoors, with cross ventilation helping to keep the interior cool."

Other energy-saving initiatives include double glazing, and a diesel-powered, hot water underfloor heating system.

To provide a seamless, contemporary look, Warburton designed matching New Zealand beech wood furniture pieces, including built-in cabinetry for several rooms. The cabinets have recessed, black-painted toe-kicks, which make the units appear to float above the floor.

Beech cabinetry is also a feature of the kitchen in the centre of the house. As with the adjacent library, this room is contained within its own small pavilion, which is at a 180° angle to the three large volumes.

The glazed ends of the pavilion allow plenty of natural light to flood the room. There are additional windows opening to a large terrace on the east side of the house, again ensuring this is a home for all seasons.

Nov 06, 2007

Credit list

Builder
Steve Philpott Builders
Cladding
Cedar from Herman Pacific; schist from Cludden Quarries
Doors and windows
Vistalite Aluminium
Flooring
Tiles from Jacobsen Creative Surfaces; carpet from Godfrey Hirst
Heating
Underfloor, by Advantage Plumbing
Audiovisual system
Integra from Selectrix
Furniture manufacturer
Noel Wilson, Mt Iron Furniture & Joinery
Benchtops
Blue Pearl granite from Trethewey Granite & Marble; stainless steel from Mercers
Oven and microwave oven
Miele
Dishwasher
Bosch
Shower fittings
Grohe
Kitchen manufacturer
Stevenson & Williams
Roofing
Ironsand Colorsteel from Caulder Stewart
Blinds
Window Treatments
Paints
Aalto Colour
Lighting
Accent Lighting
Speakers
B&W from Selectrix
Kitchen cabinetry
New Zealand beech
Taps
Greens from Plumbing World
Cooktop and ventilation
Ilve
Basin, toilet, bidet
Catalano from Plumbing World
Bath
Clearlite
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